Optometry is a primary health care profession, specifically licensed in all around the world, which incompasses the prevention and remediation of disorder of the vision system through examination, diagnosis, treatment, management of the visual efficiency, eye health as well as the recognition and diagnosis of related systemic manifestation of all of which are designed to preserve and enhance the quality of our lives and environment.
“Optometry is the 1st line of defence against blindness.”
            Optometery is relatively young health care profession, having first been recognized in United States Minnesota Legislature 1901. The subsequent growth of optometry has been correlated with the evolution of sophisticated devices and techniques in the field of vision care. Optometrist have been instrumental in development of such advances as  electronic tonometer, used in detection of Glaucoma, the Streak retinoscoepe; visual field measuring device, contact lens designs,fitting instrument and techniques, ultrasonic instruments for determining dimension inside the eye, application of behaviour modification technique to correction of vision problem.
            Optometry’s more specialized services includes Ophthalmic Contact Lens Therapy, Regular Lens Therapy, Low Vision Rehabilitative Therapy, Developmental Vision Therapy, Electro-Physiological diagnostic procedures, Management of Ocular Pathology and consultation with other professionals in the field of child development, remedial reading education, special education, Illuminating engineering, clonical psychology and highway safety and other health care practitioners.
            Optometrist is an importand personnel in the field of visual science, who can relieve the highly qualified eye surgeon’s as pre-assessment before surgery and post assessment after surgery. An eye surgeon need up the help of optometrist for all- important work as refraction, ophthalmic exercise, hygiene of eye, orthoptic exercise etc. And reduce the work of eye surgeon thus personnel know all about the care of eye, as:-
*           An optometrist can check the eye for any visual defect.


*           To test vision and prescribe the glasses.
*           Examining the inside of your eye to ensure its health.
*           Examining the ocular conditions.
*           Primary treatment of Eye diseases.
*           Checking the pressure of your eye, is important, if glaucoma is suspected.
*           The field of vision , so vital to drivers, must be checked.
*           Colour vision may also be checked.
*           Secure in the knowledge that your eyes are healthy and vision is good.

In India there are a large number of persons without any specific training about the eye, they are prescribing and dispensing spectacles as business, which is illegal and it is a penal offence. The object of this course is to develop manpower, which could be utilized for the implementation of National programme of Visual Impairment and Control of Blindness, as well as to fulfill the need of human being and to Government services, semi Government services, Private Hospitals, Private practitioner, optician shop to open factory of frame, lenses, ophthalmic materials


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